Taylor Alison 迅速, スウィフト was born on December 13, 1989 in 読書 Pennsylvania to Scott and Andrea Swift. Taylor was named after James Taylor, her mother believed that if she had a gender neutral it would help her forge a business career. Taylor spent most of her childhood on an 11 acre クリスマス 木, ツリー farm in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania. When Taylor was nine years old, the family moved to Wyomissing, Pennsylvania, where she attended West 読書 Elementary Center and Wyomissing Area Junior/Senior High School. Taylor spent her summers at her parent's vacation ホーム at the Jersey Shore. Swift's first hobby was English horse riding. Her mother put her in a saddle when she was nine months old and 迅速, スウィフト later competed in horse shows. At the age of nine, Taylor turned her attention to musical theatre and performed in Berks Youth Theatre Academy productions of Grease, Annie, Bye Bye Birdie and The Sound of Music. She traveled regularly to Broadway, New York for vocal and 芝居 lessons. However, after a few years of auditioning in New York and not getting anything she became interested in country music. At the age of eleven, after many attempts Taylor won a local talent competition によって 歌う a rendition of LeAnn Rimes's "Big Deal", and was 与えられた the opportunity to appear as the opening act for Charlie Daniels at a Strausstown amphitheater. This interest in country 音楽 isolated 迅速, スウィフト from her middle school peers. At the age of twelve, 迅速, スウィフト was shown によって a computer repairman how to play three chords on a guitar, inspiring her to write her first song, "Lucky You". She had previously won a national 詩 contest with a poem entitled "Monster in My Closet" but now began to focus on songwriting. Taylor moved to Nashville at the age of fourteen, having secured an artist development deal with RCA Records. Taylor left RCA Records when she was fifteen, the company wanted her to record the work of other songwriters and wait until she was eighteen to release an album, but she felt ready to launch her career with her own material. At an industry showcase at Nashville's The 青い鳥, ブルーバード Café in 2005, 迅速, スウィフト caught the attention of Scott Borchetta, a Dreamworks Records executive who was preparing to form his own independent record label, Big Machine Records. Taylor was one of the new label's first signings. Taylor released her debut album "Taylor Swift" in October of 2006 and received generally positive reviews from 音楽 critics. The New York Times described it as "a small masterpiece of pop-minded country, both wide-eyed and cynical, held together によって Ms. Swift's firm, pleading voice". Her single "Our Song" made 迅速, スウィフト the youngest sole writer and singer of a number one country song. The album sold 39,000 copies during its first week. In 2008 Taylor released her 秒 studio album "Fearless". The lead single from the album, "Love Story", was released in September 2008 and became the 秒 best-selling country single of all time, peaking at number four on the Billboard Hot 100 chart. Four もっと見る singles were released throughout 2008 and 2009: "White Horse", "You Belong with Me", "Fifteen" and "Fearless". "You Belong with Me" was the album's highest-charting single, peaking at number two on the Billboard Hot 100. The album debuted at number one on the Billboard 200 Album Chart. It was the top-selling album of 2009 and brought 迅速, スウィフト much crossover success. In September 2009, 迅速, スウィフト became the first country 音楽 artist to win an MTV Video 音楽 Award when "You Belong with Me" was named Best Female Video. Her acceptance speech was interrupted によって rapper Kanye West, who had been involved in a number of other award 表示する incidents. West declared Beyoncé's video for "Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It)", nominated in the same category, to be "one of the best 動画 of all time". When Beyoncé later won the award for Video of the Year, she invited Taylor onstage to finish her speech. In November 2009, Taylor became the youngest ever artist, and one of only six women, to be named Entertainer of the 年 によって the Country 音楽 Association. Taylor released her third studio album in October 2010 "Speak Now" and she wrote all the songs herself. She originally intended to call the album 魔法にかけられて but Scott Borchetta, her record label's CEO, felt the タイトル did not reflect the album's もっと見る adult themes. 迅速, スウィフト toured throughout 2011 and early 2012 in support of Speak Now. As part of the thirteen-month, 111 日付 world tour, 迅速, スウィフト played seven shows in Asia, twelve shows in Europe, 80 shows in North America and twelve shows in Australasia. Three dates on the US tour were rescheduled after 迅速, スウィフト fell ill with bronchitis. The stage 表示する was inspired によって Broadway musical theatre, with choreographed routines, elaborate set-pieces, pyrotechnics and numerous costume changes. 迅速, スウィフト invited many musicians to 登録する her for one-off duets during the North American tour. Appearances were made によって James Taylor, Jason Mraz, Shawn Colvin, Johnny Rzeznik, Andy Grammer, Tal Bachman, Justin Bieber, Selena Gomez, Nicki Minaj, Nelly, B.o.B., Usher, Flo Rida, T.I., Jon Foreman, Jim Adkins, Hayley Williams, Hot Chelle Rae, Ronnie Dunn, Darius Rucker, Tim McGraw and Kenny Chesney. Taylor contributed two original songs to The Hunger Games Soundtrack called "Safe & Sound ft. The Civil Wars" and "Eyes Open". In May 2012 Taylor featured in B.o.B's song "Both of Us". Taylor's unnamed fourth studio album is set to come out in October of 2012.